Every emotion is a state and that state has chemistry’s that provide codes for learning, what one does during that state. This has been known within brain research for 40 years that there is state specific learning. For instance, if an animal learns a task under one chemical state it cannot remember it very well under a different chemical state. Now they just talk about molecular states, it’s just as important if not more important to say that during the psychological state you’re learning to behave a certain way and we have many, many different basic psychological states, as many states as basic emotions. If you’re in an eager euphoric anticipatory state you can learn all kinds of connections in the physical world. If you’re in a play state you can learn all kinds of connections in the social world. If you’re in a fearful state then you make very precise linkages between those things that might hurt you and how you might behave to survive and thrive. With anger, anger is not a good feeling but a lot of people become angry people because anger has worked for them and if it works for you then there’s a positive component to it. But so many people get irritated very easily and they don’t know how to control their state of anger. We even have a cultural saying take a pill but there is no pill to take but we know enough about the anger system in the brain to already manufacture a pill that should work but the science hasn’t been done yet.
Brain mind goes together so you’ve got a brain behavior word like play and you’ve got a mental brain word like joy. We capitalize those words to indicate we’re talking about something very specific about specific network in the brain, all these human words have lots of excess meaning and the real issue, we’ve been working on this for almost 30 some years and we have a lot more to understand than we understand at the present time and a lot of people ask us well are you trying to manufacture a pill for kids and I answer no, we are trying to understand the system to such a deep level that we have the possibility of telling people that if you play a lot with your child here are the life long benefits for the kid. The child developed an attitude toward life where they may not need pills. They might not need pills for ADHD, for depression, for things like that. Early experiences, positive experiences can protect you for the rest of your life. That’s wonderful but there will be kids that have grown up with such bad emotions that they may need a pill and there’s nothing bad about it as long as you can be confident that the pill is safe and doesn’t have worse problems than the child already has. There’s a case of many, many children are shy, they’ve got too much separation distress, a form of psychic pain that prevents them from going to school, interacting with schoolmates. There was a paper a long time ago by Donald Klein, a great Psychiatrist in New York, and his wife, Rachel Kiddleman-Klein, and they had found that panic attacks are controlled by tricyclic anti-depressants in adults and they said maybe we can give tiny, tiny, tiny amounts of this medicine for kids that have school-phobia. They’re back in school and they cry and cry and hang on to mother’s leg. So they did this study and they had an interesting way of following them up. They asked professional psychiatrists how well is this child doing? they asked parents, and they also asked the children. And after very, very tiny doses of this trycyclic anti-depressant Enipermine, the professionals said half the kids were better. The parents said about seventy-five percent of the kids were better. And when we asked he children every one of them said they felt better and more confident. So there will be a place for these kinds of medicines but they have to use with a remarkable high level of intelligence and we cannot have that intelligence without respecting the feelings.