Prematurity, Infant Mortality and In utero Sensory Deprivation For Aberrant Brain Development and Infant Survival
James W. Prescott, Ph.D.
In The New England Journal of Medicine ((1913, June 6) Hudson, Guttmacher and Collins (stated:
Each year in the United States, nearly 500,000 infants — 1 in every 8 — are born prematurely, before 37 weeks of gestation. Despite substantial advances in their care, premature infants face a daunting array of challenges; they are at high risk for death in infancy and face severe and lifelong health problems if they survive.1 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has a legal and moral responsibility to do research in partnership with scientists and families to optimize the care of these highly vulnerable infants.
Matthews, T.J. and MacDorman, M.F. (2007) in Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2004 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set. Division of Vital Statistics, National Vital Statistics Report, Centers For Disease Control and Prevention stated
More than one-half (55 percent) of all infant deaths in the United States in 2004 occurred to the 2 percent of infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestation. Still, infant mortality rates for the preterm (34-36 weeks of gestation) infants were three times those for term (37-41 week) infants. The three leading causes of infant death—Congenital malformations, low birth weight and SIDS—taken together accounted for 45 percent of infant deaths.” (pp 1-2).
Clearly, prematurity is a leading cause of infant mortality, which remains unresolved and “Despite substantial advances in their care, premature infants face a daunting array of challenges; they are at high risk for death in infancy and face severe and lifelong health problems if they survive (Hudson, Guttmacher and Collins, 2013).
Why has so little progress been made concerning prematurity and infant mortality by the OB/GYN and Pediatric communities?